Glossary for all Microsoft Windows Embedded related terms.
Additional Licensing Terms have the same meaning as Additional Licensing Provisions.
An “Additional Licensing Term” or “ALT” apply to the Licensed Product(s) as indicated above and are in addition to the terms of Company’s Microsoft OEM Customer
License Agreement for Embedded Systems (CLA Version 3.0) (“Agreement”). Capitalized terms used
below and not otherwise defined have the meaning set forth in the General Terms and Conditions of
the Agreement. The ALTs supersede any inconsistent terms in the General Terms and Conditions of
is a specification intended to be used as an interface by software components to communicate with each other. An API may include specifications for routines, data structures, object classes, and variables. An API specification can take many forms, including an International Standard such as POSIX or vendor documentation such as the Microsoft Windows API, or the libraries of a programming language.Synonyms: APIs, Application Programming Interface
helps keep everything from documents to passwords safer by encrypting the entire drive that Windows and your data reside on. Once BitLocker is turned on, any file you save on that drive is encrypted automatically.
a new feature of Windows 7, gives the lockdown treatment to easily-misplaced portable storage devices like USB flash drives and external hard drives.
can improve application response time and reduce WAN traffic. Cached content can either be distributed across peer client computers (distributed cache mode) or centrally hosted on a server (hosted cache mode).Synonyms: Branch-Cache, Branch-cache, branch-cache
A catalog in Windows Embedded Standard 8 contains all available modules that available for installation. It is used when installing Windows Embedded or when creating an answer file for an unattended installation.
A Certificate of Authenticity (COA) is a label to help you and your customers identify genuine Microsoft Windows software.Synonyms: Certificate of Authenicity, license sticker
A Community Technical Preview is a pre-release version of a specific product. It is available to the community to test the new product and also to provide feedback to Microsoft.Synonyms: Community Technical Preview, CTP1, CTP2, CTP3, CTP4
Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM) is the most important tool in Windows Embedded Standard 7, Windows Embedded POSReady 7 and Windows Embedded Standard 8. It allows adding and removing feature packages or modules after Windows has been deployed.
It is also used to service Windows® images offline before deployment for example to add drivers and change international settings.
The Distribution Share contains all the feature packages and drivers that are available for your Windows Embedded Standard 7 and Windows Embedded POSReady 7 installation. It is used when installing Windows Embedded or when creating an answer file for an unattended installation.Synonyms: Distribution Share
If a device is using a Metro style app as a dedicated app and this device has a touch screen, you may not want customers to be able to access the gestures that allow them to close the app. Edge Gesture Filter enables the possibility to block each of the edge gestures (left, right, bottom, top, and each corner) individually. For example, it’s possible to enable the right charms bar, while disabling the top and left gestures that let users close a Metro style app.
extend Windows Embedded Standard functionality by supporting additional media, deployment, and servicing scenarios that are specific to embedded devices. By using EEFs, you can deploy your run-time image to read-only media, such as CD-ROM, update and manage your device remotely, or detect the hardware running on your device.Synonyms: EEFs, Embedded Enabling Features
is a feature of Windows that you can use to store information on your hard disk in an encrypted format. Encryption is the strongest protection that Windows provides to help you keep your information secure.Synonyms: Encrypted File System, Encrypting File System
is a way to enhance the security of a message or file by scrambling the contents so that it can be read only by someone who has the right encryption key to unscramble it.Synonyms: encryption
The Enhanced Write Filter is a filter driver that allows you to protect your runtime image from unwanted changes. The filter write-protects your image and stores all changes in a RAM overlay. After a reboot the image is back in its original state.Synonyms: EWF
A Feature Package is a component in Windows Embedded Standard 7 and Windows Embedded POSReady 7 that contains files and settings for a specific feature in Windows (e.g. Internet Explorer). A feature package is stored in the distribution share and can be selected during installation with Image Builder Wizard or during configuration in Image Configuration Editor. It can also be installed or removed using the DISM command line tool.Synonyms: Feature Packages
A for Embedded Systems version is Windows version that is technically identical to the retail version (except for the product key) but with Embedded licensing. Products are longer available in the Embedded Channel than in the Retail Channel (e.g. Windows XP).Synonyms: for Embedded Systems
The File Based Write Filter is a filter driver that allows you to protect your runtime image from unwanted changes. The filter write-protects your image and stores all changes in a RAM overlay. After a reboot the image is back in its original state. Additionally the File Based Write Filter allows exceptions for some files and folders that should store data while the filter driver is active.Synonyms: FBWF
refers to a sequence of 32 hexadecimal digits which can be calculated from the content of a file. Due to the “summarization” of information, it is not possible to reverse a file hash calculation, i.e. it is impossible to recalculate the entire file content from the file hash value. The non-unambiguity of the file hash value is irrelevant in practice as the chances that two different files have an identical hash value are close to zero.Synonyms: file hash
A hotfix is a single, cumulative package that includes one or more files that are used to address a problem in a product and are cumulative at the binary and file level. A hotfix addresses a specific customer situation and may not be distributed outside the customer's organization.
Image Configuration Editor is a key tool in Windows Embedded Standard 7 Toolkit. You can use Image Configuration Editor on your development machine to build an XML-based answer file. You then pass that answer file to the Image Builder Wizard so that it can deploy the image described by that answer file onto your target device.Synonyms: Image Configuration Editor
ImageX is a command-line tool that enables original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) to capture, to modify, and to apply file-based disk images for rapid deployment. ImageX works with Windows image (.wim) files for copying to a network, or it can work with other technologies that use .wim images, such as Windows Setup, Windows Deployment Services (Windows DS), and the System Management Server (SMS) Operating System Feature Deployment Pack.
An information file (.inf) provides installation instructions for drivers and also for simple applications.Synonyms: INF file
A Language Interface Package is language package that builds upon a Multilingual User Interface (MUI) package to provide even more translation. E.g. if languages have most terms in common a LIP only translated specific strings for the specific language. All other strings are taken from the MUI package.Synonyms: Language Interface Package
At the end of the ROM BIOS bootstrap routine, the BIOS reads and executes the first physical sector of the first floppy or hard disk on the system. This first sector of the hard disk is called the master boot record (or sometimes the partition table or master boot block). There is a small program at the beginning of this sector of the hard disk. The partition information, or partition table, is stored at the end of this sector. This program uses the partition information to determine which partition is bootable (usually the first primary DOS partition) and attempts to boot from it.
is an application that provides a graphical-user interface (GUI) and a programming framework in which consoles (collections of administrative tools) can be created, saved, and opened. It uses a Multiple Document Interface (MDI) in an environment similar to Microsoft's Windows Explorer. MMC is considered to be a container for the actual operations, and is known as a tools host.Synonyms: MMC
A Module is a component in Windows Embedded Standard 8 that contains files and settings for a specific feature in Windows (e.g. Media Player). It is also possible to create custom Modules using the Module Designer. A Module is stored in the catalog and can be selected during installation with Image Builder Wizard or during configuration in Image Configuration Editor. It can also be installed or removed using the DISM command line tool.Synonyms: emd, emx
Some versions of Windows allow you to install several MUI packages to translate the user interface into the selected language.Synonyms: Multilingual User Interface
is the wizard that runs after Setup and performs the following functions:
A PMQ file is generated by executing the Target Analyzer Probe on the target system. It will export all the device information into a XML configuration file called devices.pmq. The resulting PMQ file can be used to import this device information into your Windows Embedded Toolkit applications, such as Image Configuration Editor or Target Designer.Synonyms: PMQ, PMQ File, PMQfile, PMQFile
provides remote display and input capabilities over network connections for Windows-based applications running on a server. RDP is designed to support different types of network topologies and multiple LAN protocols.Synonyms: Remote Desktop Protocol
The Registry Filter is necessary for example when using either Enhanced Write Filter or File Based Write Filter to protect a device that has joined a domain. In this case the domain key, which changes frequently, is stored in the Windows Registry. However due to the write filter the key gets reverted to the original state on reboot. To avoid this the Registry Filter allows the exclusion of specific keys under HKLM to persist them to the disk even if a filter driver is active.
A service pack is a tested, cumulative set of all hotfixes, security updates, critical updates, and updates. Service packs may also contain additional fixes for problems that are found internally since the release of the product and a limited number of customer-requested design changes or features.
Microsoft service packs are available for download and are accompanied by a Microsoft Knowledge Base article.
Stock Keeping Unit is a common term for a unique numeric identifier in a database.Synonyms: Stock Keeping Unit
The Target Analyzer Probe is a small tool that extracts the hardware information of the Windows installation it runs an. The extracted information is stored in a XML file (devices.pmq). The file can be used to import the hardware to your Windows configuration (e.g. in Target Designer or Image Configuration Editor) so that the needed drivers can be integrated into your customized Windows image.Synonyms: Target Analyzer Probe
is a minimal version of Microsoft Windows that mainly connects to a Terminal Server using Microsoft RDP.
Some Windows Embedded products require a toolkit that contains the installation media needed to setup and build your Windows Embedded image.
is the name of a secure crypto processor that can store cryptographic keys that protect information. The Trusted Platform Module offers facilities for the secure generation of cryptographic keys, and limitation of their use, in addition to a random number generator. It also includes capabilities such as remote attestation and sealed storage.Synonyms: TPM chip, Trusted Platform Module
The Virtual Hard Disk (VHD) format is a publicly-available image format specification that allows encapsulation of the hard disk into an individual file for use by the operating system as a virtual disk in all the same ways physical hard disks are used. These virtual disks are capable of hosting native file systems (NTFS, FAT, exFAT, and UDFS) while supporting standard disk and file operations. VHD API support allows management of the virtual disks. Virtual disks created with the VHD API can function as boot disks.Synonyms: VHDs, Virtual Hard Disk
is a role-based access control (RBAC) framework that provides an administrative tool to manage authorization policy and a runtime that allows applications to perform access checks against that policy. The AzMan administration tool (AzMan.msc) is supplied as a Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-in.Synonyms: AzMan, AZMAN
is not an anti-malware software. It is a free active system monitor that provides real-time protection against pop-ups, slow performance, and security threats caused by spyware and other unwanted software.
The Windows Embedded Enterprise family cosists of Windows versions which are similar to the retail versions of all Windows versions, e.g. Windows XP Professional, Windows 2000, Windows 7 Ultimate, etc.
The difference between the retail version and the embedded version is only in terms of licensing.
Windows Embedded Enterprise is the easiest way to switch to Embedded as there is no need to change your current way of deployment!
Windows Embedded POSReady 2009 combines the power and familiarity of Windows XP Professional with a smaller footprint and specific features for point of service (POS) computers. POSReady is a significant update to Windows Embedded for Point of Service that incorporates a new product name, new technologies, and improvements in core functionality.Synonyms: POSReady 2009, WEPOS 2009
Windows Embedded POSReady 7 combines the power and familiarity of Windows 7 with specific features for point of service (POS) computers. POSReady 7 is a significant update to Windows Embedded POSReady 2009 that incorporates a new product name, new technologies, and improvements in core functionality.Synonyms: POSReady 7
Within the Windows Embedded Server family you will find most of the retail products of Windows Server. These products are completely the same as the retail versions only differing in terms of licensing. You will find products like Data Protection Manager, Forefront Unified Access Gateway, Windows Storage Server, etc. in this product family. Check out the different servers available in the Embedded Channel and start using the Embedded Server products with all the Embedded advantages!Synonyms: Embedded Server
Windows Embedded Standard 2009 (subsequently referred to as Windows Embedded Standard) delivers the power, familiarity and reliability of the Windows operating system in componentized form.
Windows Embedded Standard offers support for all the PC architecture families; is compatible with many certified, production quality, off the shelf applications, drivers and services; and has a global ecosystem of Windows Embedded Standard experts giving device makers the confidence to develop the next generation of smart connected devices.
Windows Embedded Standard 7 brings Windows 7 features to an x86 or AMD64 embedded device. With Standard 7, you can build a small operating system (OS) without the features you do not need. Standard 7 also contains all the security, entertainment, and ease-of-use improvements found in Windows 7. The Standard 7 Toolkit uses the image-based deployment technologies in Windows 7. Many of the tools contained in the Windows OEM Preinstallation Kit (OPK) are also part of Standard 7 Toolkit. For IT professionals, this means you can use the flexible deployment and servicing solutions from Windows 7 with Standard 7, including secure remote device management.Synonyms: WES 2011, WES 7, WES2011, WES7, Windows Embedded Standard 2011
is the infrastructure for management data and operations on Windows-based operating systems. You can write WMI scripts or applications to automate administrative tasks on remote computers but WMI also supplies management data to other parts of the operating system and products, for example System Center Operations Manager, formerly Microsoft Operations Manager (MOM), or Windows Remote ManagementSynonyms: WMI
Windows Preinstallation Environment (aka Windows PE, WinPE) is a lightweight version of Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, Windows 7, or Windows Server 2008 R2 that is used for the deployment of workstations and servers. It is intended as a 32-bit or 64-bit replacement for MS-DOS during the installation phase of Windows, and can be booted via PXE, CD-ROM, USB flash drive, or hard disk. Traditionally used by large corporations and OEMs (to preinstall Windows client operating systems to PCs during manufacturing), it is now widely available free of charge via the Windows Automated Installation KitSynonyms: Win PE, Windows Pre-Installation Environment, Windows Preinstallation Environment, WindowsPE, WinPE
manages the activation and lifetime of the worker processes that contain applications that host Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) services. The WAS process model generalizes the IIS 6.0 process model for the HTTP server by removing the dependency on HTTP. This allows WCF services to use both HTTP and non-HTTP protocols, such as Net.TCP, in a hosting environment that supports message-based activation and offers the ability to host a large number of applications on a given machine.
Windows XP Embedded delivers the power, familiarity and reliability of the Windows operating system in componentized form. Windows XP Embedded offers support for all the PC architecture families; is compatible with many certified, production quality, off the shelf applications, drivers and services; and has a global ecosystem of Windows XP Embedded experts giving device makers the confidence to develop the next generation of smart connected devices.Synonyms: XP Embedded, XPe
is the new Windows Runtime (Windows 8 or above required) that expose Operating System functionality in an object oriented fashion.